Data and Instrumentation Analysis Techniques and Methods

Pixel response function experimental techniques and analysis of active pixel sensor star cameras

[+] Author Affiliations
Patrick Fumo, Erik Waldron, Juha-Pekka Laine

Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Sensors and Imaging Systems, 555 Technology Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States

Gary Evans

Southern Methodist University, Lyle School of Engineering, 6425 Boaz Lane, Dallas, Texas 75205, United States

J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 1(2), 028002 (May 15, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JATIS.1.2.028002
History: Received December 12, 2014; Accepted April 9, 2015
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Abstract.  The pixel response function (PRF) of a pixel within a focal plane is defined as the pixel intensity with respect to the position of a point source within the pixel. One of its main applications is in the field of astrometry, which is a branch of astronomy that deals with positioning data of a celestial body for tracking movement or adjusting the attitude of a spacecraft. Complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors generally offer better radiation tolerance to protons and heavy ions than CCDs making them ideal candidates for space applications aboard satellites, but like all image sensors they are limited by their spatial frequency response, better known as the modulation transfer function. Having a well-calibrated PRF allows us to eliminate some of the uncertainty in the spatial response of the system providing better resolution and a more accurate centroid estimation. This paper describes the experimental setup for determining the PRF of a CMOS image sensor and analyzes the effect on the oversampled point spread function (PSF) of an image intensifier, as well as the effects due to the wavelength of light used as a point source. It was found that using electron bombarded active pixel sensor (EBAPS) intensification technology had a significant impact on the PRF of the camera being tested as a result of an increase in the amount of carrier diffusion between collection sites generated by the intensification process. Taking the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the resulting data, it was found that the intensified version of a CMOS camera exhibited a PSF roughly 16.42% larger than its nonintensified counterpart.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Patrick Fumo ; Erik Waldron ; Juha-Pekka Laine and Gary Evans
"Pixel response function experimental techniques and analysis of active pixel sensor star cameras", J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 1(2), 028002 (May 15, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.1.2.028002


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